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Since then, there has been significant comparative linguistic work expanding outside of European languages as well, such as on the Austronesian languages and various families of Native American languages, among many others.Comparative linguistics is now, however, only a part of a more broadly conceived discipline of historical linguistics.Chapter 3 ( The Variation Analysis of the Hebrew Bible Corpus: The Method), the second longest chapter in the book, aims to establish the methodological framework of the study.Kim discusses several of the foundational ideas of sociolinguistics (the discipline dealing with the relationship between language and society) and historical sociolinguistics, such as linguistic variation and variationist analysis, and he explains how he will apply such concepts to the corpus of BH.
The chapter concludes with a list of seven points of agreement and (mainly) disagreement between Hurvitz and his followers and the challengers.Some scholars have undertaken studies attempting to establish super-families, linking, for example, Indo-European, Uralic, and other families into Nostratic. The information necessary to establish relatedness becomes less available as the time depth is increased.The time-depth of linguistic methods is limited due to chance word resemblances and variations between language groups, but a limit of around 10,000 years is often assumed.In particular, he introduces the distinction between linguistic or dependent variables on the one hand, and independent variables or factors which condition variant linguistic forms/uses on the other.
Independent variables include a speaker's/writer's age, gender/sex, social class/rank/status, region, style, etc.
'This thoughtful and ambitious book by talented authors who have broken with conventional thinking about the historical development of Biblical Hebrew promises a small revolution in many branches of biblical studies and will stimulate much new, intensive research in Biblical Hebrew linguistics and stylistics.' --Ziony Zevit, Distinguished Professor of Biblical Literature and Northwest Semitic Languages and Literatures, American Jewish University, and former editor of the journal Hebrew Studies'A vivid debate has developed in recent years on the relation between SBH (/EBH) and LBH, and above all their chronology.