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02-Jul-2018 23:56

In the 1980s, Kosovo Albanians started to demand that their autonomous province be granted the status of a constituent republic, starting with the 1981 protests.Ethnic tensions between Albanians and Kosovo Serbs remained high over the whole decade, which resulted in the growth across Yugoslavia of Serb opposition to the high autonomy of provinces and ineffective system of consensus at the federal level, which were seen as an obstacle for Serb interests.Thousands die and more than a million are displaced.By the time a tenuous peace is achieved in 1995, the country has been partitioned into three areas, with each region governed by one of the three ethnic groups.The role of SFOR (Operation Joint Guard / Operation Joint Forge) is to stabilise the peace.The difference between the tasks of IFOR and SFOR is reflected in their names.The breakup of Yugoslavia occurred as a result of a series of political upheavals and conflicts during the early 1990s.

On an international level, despite Serbia’s fury, his is almost a lone voice when it comes to the Serb victims’ fate.Instead, the ICTY last month acquitted Croat generals Ante Gotovina and Mladen Markac and ruled that there was no “joint criminal enterprise” to drive the Serbian minority out of the country during the operation.For Croats, the verdict was not just the acquittal of “national heroes,” it was also an international acknowledgement that what they did was “just.”“The war to liberate our territory is finally recognised as just and legitimate,” said Croat president Ivo Josipovic during the welcoming ceremony for the two generals.The Yugoslav model of state organization, as well as a "middle way" between planned and liberal economy, had been a relative success, and the country experienced a period of strong economic growth and relative political stability up to the 1980s, under the rule of president-for-life Josip Broz Tito.

After his death in 1980, the weakened system of federal government was left unable to cope with rising economic and political challenges.

The wars primarily affected Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia.